Medicine Prefixes and Suffixes

Prefix, root, suffix Drug examples Medicine category
-afil Sildenafil; Tadalafil Phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor
-asone Betamethasone; Dexamethasone; Fluticasone; Mometasone Corticosteroid
-bicin Doxorubicin; Eporubicin; Valrubicin Antineoplastic; Cytotoxic agent
-bital Phenobarbital; Secobarbital Barbiturate (sedative)
-caine Bupivacaine; Lidocaine; Prilocaine Local anesthetic
cef-, ceph- Cefaclor; Cefixime, Cefprozil; Cephalexin Cephalosporin antibiotic
-cillin Amoxicillin; Ampicillin; Oxacillin Penicillin antibiotic
cort Clocortolone; Hydrocortisone Corticosteroid 
-cycline Demeclocycline; Doxycycline; Tetracycline Tetracycline antibiotic
-dazole Albendazole; Mebendazole; Metronidazole Anthelmintic; Antibiotic; Antibacterial
-dipine Amlodipine, Felodipine; Nifedipine Calcium channel blocker
Prefix, root, suffix Drug examples Medicine category
-dronate Alendronate; Etidronate; Ibandronate Bisphosphonate; Bone resorption inhibitor
-eprazole Esomeprazole; Omeprazole; Raberprazole Proton pump inhibitor (PPI)
-fenac Bromfenac;  Diclofenac; Nepafenac NSAID
-floxacin Ciprofloxacin; Levofloxacin; Ofloxacin Quinolone antibiotic
-gliptin Saxagliptin; Sitagliptin; Linagliptin Antidiabetic; Inhibitor of the DPP-4 enzyme
-glitazone Pioglitazone; Rosiglitazone Antidiabetic; Thiazolidinedione
-iramine Brompheniramine; Chlorpheniramine Antihistamine
-lamide Acetazolamide; Methazolamide Carbonic anhydrase inh.
-mab Daclizumab; Infliximab; Omalizumab Monoclonal antibody
-mustine Carmustine; Estramustine; Lomustine; Bendamustine Alkylating agent (antineoplastic)
-mycin Azithromycin; Clarithromycin; Clindamycin; Erythromycin Antibiotic; Antibacterial
-nacin Darifenacin; Solifenacin Muscarinic antagonist (anticholinergic)
-nazole Fluconazole; Ketoconazole; Miconazole; Tioconazole Antifungal
-olol Atenolol; Metoprolol; Nadolol; Pindolol; Propranolol; Timolol Beta-blocker
-olone Fluocinolone; Prednisolone, Triamcinolone Corticosteroid
-olone Nandrolone; Oxandrolone; Oxymetholone Anabolic steroid
-onide Budesonide; Ciclesonide; Desonide; Fluocinonide; Halcinonide Corticosteroid
-oprazole Lansoprazole; Pantoprazole Proton pump inhibitor (PPI)
Prefix, root, suffix Drug examples Medicine category
parin; -parin Dalteparin; Enoxaparin; Fondaparinux; Heparin; Tinzaparin Antithrombotic; Anticoagulant (blood thinner)
-phylline Aminophylline; Theophylline Xanthine derivater (bronchodilator)
-pramine Clomipramine; Desipramine; Imipramine Tricyclic antidepressant (TCA)
-pred; pred- Loteprednol; Prednicarbate; Prednisolone; Prednisone Corticosteroid
-pril Benazepril; Captopril; Enalapril; Lisinopril ACE inhibitor
-profen Fenoprofen; Flurbiprofen; Ibuprofen; Ketoprofen NSAID
-ridone Paliperidone; Risperidone Atypical antipsychotic
-sartan Candesartan; Irbesartan; Losartan; Valsartan Angiotensin II receptor antagonist; ARB
-semide Furosemide; Torsemide Loop diuretic (water pill)
-setron Alosetron; Ondansetron; Palonosetron Serotonin5-HT3 receptor antagonist
-setron Dolasetron; Granisetron; Ondansetron Antiemetic, antinauseant
-statin Atorvastatin; Lovastatin; Pitavastatin; Pravastatin; Rosuvastatin; Simvastatin HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor; statins
sulfa- Sulfacetamide; Sulfadiazine; Sulfamethoxazole; Sulfasalazine Antibiotic; anti-infective; anti-inflammatory
-tadine Cyproheptadine; Desloraradine; Loratadine; Olopatadine Antihistamine
-tadine Amantadine; Rimantadine Antiviral; Anti-influenza-A
-terol Albuterol; Arformoterol; Formoterol; Levalbuterol; Salmeterol Beta agonist; Bronchodilator
-thiazide Chlorthiazide; Hydrochlorothiazide; Methyclothiazide Thiazide diuretic (water pill)
-tinib Crizotinib; Dasatinib; Erlotinib; Gefitinib; Imatinib Antineoplastic (kinase inh.)
Prefix, root, suffix Drug examples Medicine category
-trel Desogestrel; Etonogestrel; Levonorgestrel; Norgestrel Female hormone (progestin)
tretin-; tretin; -tretin Acitretin; Alitretinoin; Isotretinoin; Tretinoin Retinoid; dermatologic agent; form of vitamin A
-triptan Almotriptan; Eletriptan; Rizatriptan; Sumatriptan; Zolmitriptan Antimigraine; selective 5-HT receptor agonist
-tyline Amitriptyline; Nortriptyline; Protriptyline Tricycline antidepressant (TCA)
vir; -vir Abacavir; Efavirenz; Ritonavir; Tenofovir Antiviral; anti-HIV
vir; -vir Adefovir; Entecavir; Ribavirin Antiviral; anti-hepatitis
-vir Acyclovir; Famciclovir; Penciclovir; Valacyclovir Antiviral; anti-herpes
-vir Cidofovir; Ganciclovir; Valganciclovir Antiviral; anti-CMV
-vir Oseltamivir; Zanamivir Antiviral; anti-flu
-vudine Lamivudine; Stavudine; Telbivudine; Zidovudine Antiviral; Nucleoside analogues
-zepam Clonazepam; Diazepam; Flurazepam; Lorazepam; Temazepam Benzodiazepine
-zodone Nefazodone; Trazodone; Vilazodone Antidepressant
-zolam Alprazolam; Estazolam; Midazolam; Triazolam Benzodiazepine
-zosin Alfuzosin; Doxazosin; Prazosin; Terazosin Alpha blocker